法國巴黎密特朗國家圖書館 – 兩個太陽的台灣

法國巴黎密特朗國家圖書館

117287050_3dd48faa87_b上圖:四本書的造型。 Four unfold books modeling

France’s National Library

建築師 Artichitect:Dominique Perrault
建築位置 Site:Quai de la Gare(13e)
建築時間 Completion:1997
建築面積 Floor area:36萬平方米

一座法國圖書館,一處巴黎的廣場,四座高聳入雲、高一百米的大廈,如四本打開的書,形成巴黎特有的天際線,建築主材料以銅、鋁和鋅構成,採不反射鏡面,不過由於陽光太過強烈,我到達時,發現館方增建了木製百葉窗來隔開陽光的強烈照射。

圖書館占地7.5公傾,樓高22層,建築面積36萬平方米,有一千三百萬冊藏書,四棟大樓為藏書庫,大廈之間有玻回廊從底部相連。

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圖書館沒有大門,電梯將不同方向來的人導入底層,其下有三層閱覽室,中間闢有和皇宮(Palais-Royal)廣場一樣大小的花園,形塑遠離都市熙熙攘攘的生活空間,營造修道院的寧靜,而沒有修道院的幽閉恐懼症。

117287429_7006c459d4_b上圖:這座博物館配備有最先近的電腦設施,如國際連線的目錄查閱系統,先進的閱讀配備,可提供5,000個閱讀座位。

A library for France and a square for Paris: four towers look like four unfold books, make the the conners of a squre as big as the place de Concorde and signpost a virtural parallelepiped reaching up into sky, shaping the unix skyline of Paris. The towers are filled with metal containers(brass, aluminium or zinc) containing the books themselves–carefully sheltered from light, but when I arrived over there, the wooden shutters were lay on for the too strong sunny shine.

The total area is 7.5 hectare, 22 floor height, floor area is 0.36 millon meter square. The collection of books is 1.3 millon, All of four towers is built for depositary, there are beneath corridors pass through towers.

There is no main gate for the libary, lifts guilding people coming down to the bottom layer. Three levels of reading-room open onto the garden of one hectare (as large as that of the Palais-Royal), seperated from the hurly burly of the city and re-creating the atmosphere of the cloister, but without its claustrophobia.

The library work with the newest computer technology , for example, a link in a computerised international chain, and advanced reading facilities. It offers 5,000 reading posts.

117286797_79e187ae47_b上圖:大樓外部以玻璃帷幕為主。The meaterial of building surface is mainly glass wall.

117287668_19dab8168e_b上圖:加裝木板屏風以防陽光直接曝曬,破壞書籍。Adding wooden shutters to avoid the sunny shine.

117287835_89f5b77706_b上圖:大樓樓高二十二層。The building height is 22 floors.

117288012_de20c21cb3_b上圖:閱覽層的花園,宛若森林。The garden of reading room level looks like jungle

117287971_e0931e0e07_b上圖:電梯導引四面八方前來的民眾。The elevators lead the way to the library

117286683_3b2aafec37_b上圖:接待廳。Acception lobby

117286341_7ae84b9432_b上圖:迴廊。Corridors

117285977_9d2b6fdaff_b上圖:接待廳 Acception lobby

117286399_4317ca0922_b上圖:閱覽室。Reading room

117286615_25bca64e0c_b上圖休息區。 Rest area

117286045_ea7ae62638_b上圖:模型,這是從塞納河的一方看過去的角度。Model, this sight is the angle of Seine river side